Inflation, Meaning, definition, Causes all you will learn about.

Hello friends, In this blog we will learn about what is inflation, meaning of inflation, definition of inflation. This blog will talk about causes of inflation, what is inflation, and inflation meaning.

  • What Is Inflation
  • Meaning of inflation
  • Causes of inflation
  • definition of Inflation

What is Inflation

Inflation refers to increase in the general price level of goods and services. Inflation is defined as the increase in the cost of many basic necessities and services, such as

  • food
  • clothing
  • housing
  • entertainment
  • transportation
  • consumer goods

The rate of change in the price of a basket of goods and services over time is called inflation.

Meaning of Inflation

  • Inflation means increasing cost of goods and services over time.
  • A change in inflation is caused by a number of factors, such as increases in the cost of production or spikes in demand.
  • Inflation is measured on a monthly basis using the Consumer Price Index.

INFLATION: Causes

The purchasing power of a currency unit has declined as goods and services have become more expensive. This contributes to the cost of living in the country.

When inflation is high, the cost of living goes up with it, causing economic growth to decline. A certain level of inflation is needed in the economy to encourage spending while not encouraging savings.

Factors causing Inflation are as follows-

  • Demand-pull inflation

Demand inflation occurs when the demand for certain goods and services is greater than the supply to meet those demands. When this demand is greater than supply, there is an increase in prices – leading to inflation.

  • Cost-push inflation

Cost-push inflation is the price increase when the cost of wages and building materials goes up. These costs are usually are to be paid by consumers in the form of high prices for those goods and services.

An example of this would be timber, as timber is used as raw material in house building . While the cost of timber increased by 400 percent in early 2021 it contributed to rising house prices which led to inflation

  • Increased revenue

An increase is defined as the amount of money distributed, including cash, coins, and balances and bank accounts in accordance with Federal Reserve
Increased funding is often created by the Federal Reserve through a process called Open Market Operations (OMO).

  • Policies and regulations

Certain policies can also result in either a cost-push or demand-pull inflation. When the government issues tax subsidies for certain products, it can increase demand. If that demand is higher than supply, costs could rise.

  • Devaluation

Devaluation is downward adjustment in a country’s exchange rate, resulting in lower values for a country’s currency. 

The devaluation of a currency makes a country’s exports less expensive, encouraging foreign countries to buy more of the goods at lower prices imports will be expensive leading to rise in the prices of country’s goods and therefore inflation.


Definition of Inflation | Define Inflation

  • In the words of Friedman, “Inflation is always and everywhere a monetary phenomenon and can be produced only by a more rapid increase in the quantity of money than out­put.
  • Hicks, “Our present troubles are not of a monetary character.”
  • Johnson defines “inflation as a sustained rise in prices.
  • Brooman defines it as “a continuing increase in the general price level.”
  • Shapiro also defines inflation in a similar vein “as a persistent and appreciable rise in the general level of prices.

4 Main Causes of Inflation in Our Current Economy

Increased Funding:

The increase is aimed at helping the economy grow by helping to place more money in the hands of consumers. While this may sound like a positive trend, it could actually have a negative impact on the economy, such as contributing to inflation.

Supply Chain Disruption:

Whether you are in a grocery store or are waiting for an item to be shipped from overseas, you may have difficulty finding certain goods in recent months. There are a few factors that play into the current issue.

  • First, during the epidemic, many companies reduced production because consumers did not use them. However, they are there now and companies have been trying to play catch.
  • Pair that with the universal shortage of certain building materials, and it has become a unifying problem.

Government-sponsored unemployment:

In response to the increase in job losses we have seen in 2020, there has been an increase and expansion of existing unemployment programs at both the government and organisational levels leading to inflation.

Negative government policies

Negative government policies can contribute to inflation — especially in our current situation with regard to fossil fuels. If you own a car, you may have seen gasoline prices rise in the past year.

Conclusion

therefore, Inflation refers to increase in the general price level of goods and services. Inflation is defined as the increase in the cost of many basic necessities and services.

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